Typically Glass, is a mixture of quartz sand, potash, or soda, heated with lime, and was invented in Egypt, about 9000years ago. Since its inception it has been crafted into beads of various shapes and sizes using techniques invented by the Egyptians and Romans.
Glass beads have become essential in the art of adornment throughout the world and the trading of certain types of glass beads is shrouded in secrecy, Glass beading techniques are still passed down by word of mouth in Venice, and where in the year 1292 glass makers were moved to the island of Murano, and once there were forbidden on pain of death to reveal their secrets or to leave the island.
There are of course many types of glass beads, both simple and sophisticated with integrated colours, comprising of swirls, lines, and intricate pattens of color and design, or alternatively they can be just be a simple clear bead, a single translucent color, or a bold color, but in the hands of an artist they can be developed either singly or collectively to produce stunning pieces of jewelry.
Mosaic Beads… are the most ornate type of glass bead. Originating with the Romans and Egyptians they are built with segments of glass cane, and many of the most beautiful examples of the craftsmanship required to produce this style of bead are Venetian.
Wound beads… are molten glass, which are wound by hand around a metal wire, which is used as a mandrel; this technique is used to create one of the most common types of bead, although a common bead it is can be produced in an enormous rage of colours, sizes, and shapes, to satisfy any requirement.
Chevron Beads… also known as Rosetta or star bead, the chevron is the most popular bead in history, since it’s invention in 15th century Venice more than 100 variations on the bead have been produced.